The Qur’an is
full of noticeable proofs that corroborate the authenticity
Mohammed is the messenger of Allah and the Qur’an
is the book of Allah sent to Mohammed through divine
revelation. It proves the Prophet did not come for a
worldly gain and his aim was not materialistic rotating
around wealth, status and power.
Surat Al-Massad brings to our
attention another prophecy of the messenger of Allah
and another proof of the divinity of the Qur’an.
It tells us Abu Lahab would never embrace Islam nor
would his wife. Indeed, this is what happened even Abu
Sufyan, Omar Bin Al-Khattab, Khaled bin Al-Waleed, Suhail
Bin Amr and many of those who fought Islam, opposed
it and caused severe trials on its followers surrendered
to its call eventually and bowed down in humbleness
to Allah in prayer and worship. Except Abu Lahab the
one Allah and his messenger informed us he would die
on the word of Kufr and he would taste severe punishment.
Surat Al-Massad reveals the fate
of those who oppose Allah and his Prophet . It beautifully
talks about the end of one of the most bitter enemies
of Islam – Abu Lahab.
This Surah is the 111th Surah
in the final order of the Qur’an. It was revealed
in Makkah and consists of five verses. Certainly, it
has a cause of revelation.
Ibn Abbas narrated to us the story
behind its revelation: ‘The Prophet went out to
the valley of Al-Batha and he ascended the mountain
of Safa. Then he cried out, 'Yaa Sabaahah!’
‘O people, come at once’. So, the Qurash
gathered around him. Then he said, ‘If I told
you that the enemy was going to attack you in the morning,
or in the evening, would you all believe me?’
They replied, ‘Yes’. Then he said, ‘Verily,
I am a Warner (sent) to you all before the coming of
a severe torment’. Then Abu Lahab said, ‘Have
you gathered us for this? May you perish’. Thus,
Allah revealed the Surah: ‘Perish the two hands
of Abu Lahab and perish he’.
Who is Abu Lahab?
Abu Lahab is one of the nine uncles
the Prophet had. His name was Abdul ‘Uza son of
Abdul Muttalib and his real Kunya was ‘Abu Utaiba’,
however, he was called ‘Abu Lahab’ because
of the brightness and the redness of his face. He used
to often cause harm to the Prophet . He hated and scorned
him and the religion he called for – Islam. We
can divide the uncles of the Prophet into three groups
relying on the stand they took from his preaching. The
first ones who believed in him, fought with him, and
helped him by all means were Al-Abbas and Hamza. The
latter is better than the former because Allah made
him the best of the martyrs and the Prophet nicknamed
him ‘the lion of Allah and his messenger’.
The second group who helped and
supported the Prophet , and yet did not believe in him
and died as a disbeliever, was Abu Talib. He protected
and loved the Prophet a lot yet, subhannallah, he died
on the religion of Abdul Al-Mutalib meaning shirk. The
Prophet asked Allah to ease up his torment and his punishment
was reduced to shoes of fire put in his feet causing
his brain to boil due to its extreme heat (May Allah
save us from his torment).
The third group who fought him
opposed the Prophet
and plotted against him and died as a disbeliever was
There are many incidents in which
Abu Lahab was the first person to harm the Prophet and
his call to Islam. A famous one is the incident that
took place in the market of Dhul-Majaz where the Prophet
was walking and saying to people,
‘O people, say there
is no god worthy of being worshipped except Allah and
you will be successful.’
The people were gathered around
him and behind him, there was a man with a bright face.
He was squint (cross) eyes and had two braids in his
hair. He was saying, ‘verily, he (the Prophet )
is an apostate and a liar’. This man was following
the Prophet around wherever he went. This man was Abu
Lahab. The first verse reads:
‘Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab and perish
The first part of this verse (Perish
the two hands of Abu Lahab) is a supplication against
Abu Lahab. Whenever we read this verse we make Dua’
to Allah, we supplicate to him to perish Abu Lahab and
to punish him with what he deserves. The interesting
fact is that Allah revealed a whole Surah about him.
A Surah we read in our Salat, a Surah when we read it
we gain ten hassanat for each letter from its words,
a Surah when we read it we learn about the biography
of Abu Lahab, a Surah that causes us to get a reward
for reading the biography of Abu Lahab greater than
the reward we gain from reading the biography of Abu
Bakr from any Seera book.
This is a clear invitation from
Allah to ponder over the life of Abu Lahab and an apparent
call to learn from the mistakes this man made. ‘Tabbat’
means he lost and he perished. Allah informs us Abu
Lahab has lost and perished. Allah specified the perishing
of his hands because they are the instruments of action
and implementation of any thoughts. However, it does
not mean only his hands would be perished but instead
all his body and soul would perish along with his hands.
The second part of the verse (and
perish he) confirms the first part of it and informs
us he perished and Allah has ordained to him destruction
and severe punishment.
His wealth and all he gained will not benefit or save
Subhannallah, it is a known fact
one’s wealth does benefit and save him in certain
cases. For example, if he is jailed he can bribe people
and break free. If he falls ill, he can visit the best
doctors, go to the best hospitals and cure himself.
If he loses his house or his company, he can buy another
one. Thus, money does benefit one, so why did Allah
the Most High did say that about Abu Lahab. Surely,
Allah is aware of all what we mentioned, the reason
is the wealth that does not save its possessor from
the torment of the Day Of Judgment is not beneficial
at all because this is the time when one is in real
need for help and salvation.
Compare Othman Bin Affan and Abu
Lahab. They were both rich, both noble and both from
the same city Makkah yet the former one was amongst
the people who were guaranteed Jannah when the latter
was amongst the ones guaranteed Hellfire, because the
former believed in Allah and His Prophet and spent in
the cause of Allah and the latter opposed and denied.